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Cloud Computing Security

Biggest Cloud Computing Security Challenge in 2021

The cloud is an impressive area to make solutions for consumers all over the world. Its motive is to make the different levels of technology easily accessible to the users that were once a big issue for businessmen. With cloud computing security technology, anyone can start the identification of a complete data point with a single command. The security threats that we see on sites would increase and security teams should be facing the concerns like zero-days, vulnerability chains, and shadow IT. But the truth is, these problems are not close to their biggest threats on the list. The biggest challenge currently for producers in cloud computing security is making errors that in terms of cloud are called service misconfiguration.

Most people believe that the cloud technology providers themselves are a major threat but the details don’t encourage this idea at all. Each of the four biggest cloud technology providers: Microsoft Azure, Google, AWS, and Alibaba has had only two security violations over the past few years. Each of these service providers has had to face a large number of security exploits. Most of these cloud resources are properly controlled service offerings of approved businesses or non-proprietary projects. The service providers have had to cope with numerous security vulnerabilities while handling these projects. Security teams in operational tasks in the cloud technology pursue the shared responsibility model so that operational tasks could not make any errors. There are six dominant fields where regular operational work is mandatory. Your responsibility changes in the cloud according to the resources you are utilizing. If you're operating the virtual machines, your responsibility in cloud changes to operating systems, the software running on that operating system, and your data. As you jump to fully controlled services, your responsibility just changes to the data that you transform and hold with that service. But you are accountable for the service configuration for all sorts of services on the cloud. Now regardless of a direct rule of responsibilities, the providers extend a number of features that assist you to reach your responsibilities and modify the service to match your needs.

There are two clouds computing security breaches from builders over the past five years. In the first case (from March 2020), Google Cloud expended a hundred-thousand-dollar award to a security analyzer through their bug bounty plan who got the privileged escalation in Google cloud shell. This is a utility that gives a browser-based configuration to the command line of a virtual machine running in the user’s account. Now underhand, the shell is a direct container running an application that gives the critical entrance. The security analyzer observed that they were able to make use of a socket connection in that box to compromise the base machine and accelerate access to the system. The main reason for this vulnerability was a misconfiguration in the gain to that socket.

The second example of a cloud computing security breach is from the Microsoft Azure cloud service provider. The vulnerability was noted in the Microsoft application services. This issue granted an attacker to break out the proposed boundaries of the system and access a limited scope deployment host with accelerated rights. The cause of this attack is a misconfiguration in the open-source device that gave the web hosting facility in this application. In these two scenarios, the issues in services were revealed immediately and appropriately. The vulnerability was secured without any recorded customer effects but all two instances were in excessively used cloud services. The provider's groups made these cloud services operate other services on that platform. So as a consequence, and in compliance with the shared responsibility model, they were at threat of a service misconfiguration. Even the four hyper-scale providers of cloud services deal with this issue.

It does not mean that the cloud service providers in the world are doing a bad job. On the contrary, they're doing perfect work. But the trouble is that they are doing this for thousands and now millions of consumers from the world at a large scale every day. The more and more people that onboard onto these platforms, the more issues and concerns we have as we give away the ability to directly manage and oversee our framework and our data. We reduce our visibility and therefore by extension our control over those systems. If we're not careful about configuration access control and threat management we potentially run the risk of growing the possibility of data loopholes. When our data flows from one cloud to another, our data may or may not be completely deleted removed, and disposed of securely. When we leave a cloud vendor's platform an incomplete data deletion is also a very concerning thing. Cloud Computing Security providers should be focused on cloud applications, the ability to service the users, provide data, provide access to services through cloud apps. Cloud apps are not always as secure as they should or could be. Vulnerable cloud apps are also part of the overall security threat.

Author name
Anu Saini
Cybersecurity Intern



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